The study of politics can be divided into two distinct and mutually interrelated areas of study, namely political science and public administration. These two disciplines typically go hand in hand with each other, but sometimes political science does not actually have anything to do with government itself. For example, a political scientist studying the political behaviors of the common person might study the political behaviors of public figures in the government, while still studying the common person’s behavior. However, sometimes political science and public administration overlap.
The study of politics can be used for many purposes, including conducting research on the history of the political system, the current political landscape and how political parties are formed and structured. It can also be used to study the relationship between human beings and political systems, since there are many types of political institutions such as democracy, socialism, capitalism, authoritarianism, and even communism that exist throughout the world.
In addition to the field of study itself, the study of politics is often intertwined with other branches of the humanities, like sociology and philosophy, in that one major focuses on political theory. It is important to note, however, that there is considerable overlap between the field of political theory and the study of politics, since many of the same concepts are used to understand political behavior. Sociologists study the social processes involved in the formation of societal structures, whether they are economic organizational, religious, educational, or political in nature. The political theorist analyzes these social processes, trying to make sense of the origins of those origins, and also trying to predict future developments. A good example of this would be a study of the United States election of 1812, which was won by the Republican Party because the Democrats were unable to come up with a viable vision for America’s future.
On the other hand, the study of political behavior is often intertwined with psychology in that the political analyst tries to understand people’s psychological reactions to political stimuli. Sometimes the political behavior is based on something completely different than what a sociologist might think, like a person’s reaction to a certain type of advertisement. This leads to a lot of cross-referencing of the political theory with psychology.
Although politics is usually studied by political scientists and sociologists, there are also instances when political researchers are not even aware of what the term “political” actually means. For instance, some politicians are known to have coined the phrase “government of the people, by the people, and for the people” for their own use, to which the term is commonly used by politicians and academics.
When you hear “public servant,” you may think of a person who works in a government office as a public servant, whereas a professor of political science may refer to a political scientist or sociologist. There is no definitive definition for this word, but it generally refers to a person who has a formal education in political science and has an interest in the social and governmental affairs of the state. There are many different branches of the political science curriculum, but the most popular ones are international relations and history.
There is also the field of social work, which is basically the study of how politics has affected the lives of people through various means, such as government policies and their impact on the lives of people. Political scientist and professors may have a specialization in political science, but that is usually just a title they use to differentiate themselves from other scholars.