Structural analysis is a process of designing buildings and other structures by estimating the impact of loads. It is a process of planning and designing buildings and other structures with the objective of minimizing the load, or forces, on structures, thereby reducing energy consumption, and ultimately reducing maintenance costs. It is also used to design new building and infrastructure to avoid adverse effects on the environment. However, this type of analysis requires knowledge of both engineering and structural mechanics to assess the properties of various materials, systems, and construction techniques.
In structural design, it involves both analysis of engineering and structural mechanics in order to design and build a structure and determine the mechanical properties and design of the building in order to maximize load bearing capacities. There are three main types of structural analysis, including:
The first type of structural analysis, or design phase, is done on the basis of structural analysis techniques and analysis methods. Design phase is required for all structural structures as it helps to evaluate the properties, design, and engineering details of a building or structure. It also helps to determine the load carrying capacity of a structure in a specific area.
The second type of structural analysis, or design phase, is also known as the planning phase. It requires information from the design phase and from analysis. It provides information on design and load bearing characteristics of a structure, along with the design of structural elements such as beams, walls, floors, columns, and roofs.
The third type of structural analysis, or construction phase, includes the detailed design of various structural elements, load bearing capacities, and the design of structural elements such as windows, doors, and siding. All the aspects of the construction are considered in the design of these components, and the construction phase can be subdivided into two main phases: the construction design phase and the testing and fabrication phase.
Once a plan has been prepared by the structural design, the plan is developed further by the engineers. The structural engineer then develops drawings, specifications for the project, and any technical documentation required. In the design phase, the engineers plan and conceptualizes the project and discuss design issues with the design bureau or with regards to the design of structural elements such as walls and building structures.
The engineers use computer-aided design methods to develop the structural plans and computer generated data, which helps in better estimation of load bearing capacities and stress areas and to be used for construction of the structural elements such as walls, floors, and roofs. After the structural design phase, engineers utilize engineering computer software for detailed design analysis. Once the plan has been developed, engineers utilize engineering drawings to design the structural elements, such as beams, walls, floor, columns, windows and siding, and use these drawings to fabricate the structural elements during the construction phase.
During the design phase, the engineer uses computer aided design methods to develop the conceptual drawing, so that the architect can have a clear idea about the design and layout of the structural elements, such as beams, walls, floor, columns, windows and siding, and also use these drawings to fabricate the structural elements during the construction phase. The structural engineer and architects often work together in order to ensure that the design and construction of the building conform to the requirements of local building codes. In most cases, structural designers work independently to ensure the design and functionality of the building, and its components.
During the design phase, the architect and the structural designer will meet with several consultants and engineers to get ideas and suggestions on various aspects of the design of the structure, such as the use of beams, walls, floors, columns, windows, and siding, and roofing systems, and other structural details. The design phase of structural analysis may last for several weeks or months and involves many meetings, workshops, and meetings, depending upon the size and complexity of the project.
During the construction phase, the structural design phase of the building usually lasts from one to three years and is followed by several months of construction inspection, foundation work, and finishing work, all of which require months of excavation. The architect or structural engineer makes sure that the construction meets all requirements for the building.