But the distinction between inorganic and organic chemicals is not clearly established and is often not agreed upon by authorities, both scientific and lay. Inorganic chemical compounds are those composed of metals, nonmetals, nonoxidants, or compounds composed of a combination of two or more of these materials. These substances have chemical properties that are not based on their molecular structures, i.e. they do not consist of atoms in their crystalline state.
Inorganic compounds can be separated into two categories: primary inorganic compounds, comprising compounds that are made up of elements which are found in nature or were naturally occurring; and secondary inorganic compounds, which include man-made compounds. There are also organic compounds that are classified as inorganic compounds but have a mixture of chemical and biological features.
Organic compounds are divided into three categories: primary organic compounds, secondary organic compounds, and tertiary organic compounds. Each of these classes has several sub-classes. There are numerous types of organic compounds, most of them having a wide range of applications. Some examples of these are the following:
The three main classes of inorganic compounds are usually divided into two groups: compounds with two or more carbon atoms, and compounds with one carbon atom. The two primary classes are the compounds that consist of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur. Examples of these include water, carbon dioxide, and acetylene. There are some organic compounds, however, consisting of no carbon at all, including glycerin, sugars, and phosphoric acid. Other organic compounds, such as carbonates, silicates, and tangents, are compounds with two carbon atoms.
The compounds known as secondary organic compounds are those that have one or more oxygen atoms or compounds that are not compounds of inorganic compounds. Examples of these are organic compounds containing phosphorous, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and silicon, as well as an inorganic version of the above. Other compound names include phosphorous oxide, phosphorus hydroxide, phosphate, phosphoric acid, and phosphoric carbonate. Other organic compounds consist of compounds with multiple oxygen atoms, such as carbides, oxides, carbonates, phosphates, and nitrides. Other chemical compounds, such as carbonyl compounds, include phosphine oxide, and acetone.
Tertiary compounds are compounds of four different elements. Most of them are used in industrial and medical laboratories, although a few are used for domestic purposes. Most common inorganic compounds are ammonia, chlorides, nitrates, nitrites, nitrous oxide, phenol and nitrocarboxylic acid. The most common organic compounds are chlorides and nitrates. Examples of these chemicals are chlorine, phenol, ammonium, and nitroprusside, which are used in making fertilizers. A few of the most common inorganic compounds in commercial use are insane, formic acid, and formaldehyde.
The last and final category is the third class, which includes the inorganic compounds. used in pharmaceuticals. Examples of these inorganic compounds include catechol, phenylformate, cesium, and carbocyanine. Another type of inorganic chemical is boron, which are often found in the construction materials, but can also be found in paint, lacquer, and plastics. Inorganic compounds are also used in the production of certain drugs.
The structure of all chemical compounds is a repeating pattern. Chemical bonds are formed between two molecules of two different types. Molecules that are chemically identical to bind together through chemical bonds. These bonds are made up of one to six carbon atoms and one hydrogen atom.
The bonds of carbon to form a backbone, while the other chemical bonds make up the backbone of oxygen and nitrogen. Molecules that are chemically different form other structures, called polymers. when chemical bonding occurs. A polymer is a combination of a solid or liquid with one or more inter-linked polymer chains. A polymer chain is a group of molecules that join together because of a specific number of bonds.
The inorganic compounds in a compound come in all types. The elements are all present and vary in their atomic weight, and properties. There are also some inorganic compounds that consist of only one or two elements, such as sulfur. and oxygen. Other substances consist of only one element, such as phosphorus. Some compounds are complex mixtures of several inorganic compounds, like a mixture of inorganic compounds.