This theory states that we are not experiencing anything absolute truth but are only observing things as we perceive them. It was the idea that the object or person we were looking at was merely the object of our perception and not really a person or thing in its own right.
One important point of contention is the way this theory treats things that are inanimate. Although people have used it to explain why they do not experience things like objects of nature, most people believe that the theory does not allow for such things.
Some people have used the theory of expectation theory to explain away things such as clocks. There is a belief that our perceptions of time depend on the position of the clock itself. If it is moving then we think that time will pass slower and therefore it is not accurate.
Clocks can move out of sync with our perception of time if the clock stops or slows down. This is because when the clock is moving it is not a person or thing that we can perceive directly.
The concept is similar to how we perceive time for things that are in motion. We perceive things to be moving faster and so we think it will take more time to reach a destination if it is going to move faster. So if the clock has stopped then we expect things to move slower and therefore it will take more time to reach the destination.
This is where people get into trouble. When they think that the clock has stopped, they believe that time is slowing down and so they think they will need to wait longer for something to reach them. They think that it will be a longer journey because they have stopped believing it will reach them in less time.
As long as the clock is moving then it is still an object of our perception. It is still moving according to our beliefs and therefore, as long as we continue to believe it is moving we are still experiencing a perception of time being slowed down.
Therefore, we are not experiencing the clock as an object of our perception. It is our perception of time being slowed down and therefore we feel that the clock is moving and therefore the journey takes longer than it actually did.
When we are in reality experiencing time as an object of our perception then time is slowing down. We are aware that the clock is moving and we are aware that the time we experience in our journey is different from the time we experienced in the past. However, we cannot move the clock in order to make the journey faster.
This is because time has no weight and neither does the clock. We cannot move the clock to make the journey faster because it is not an object of our perception.
The theory of expectation is based on an illusion. To experience what time is like is not an easy task.
We have to accept that our mind plays a role in how we perceive time. We have to allow ourselves to believe it is moving and it will do so.